On 25 August 1991, the Ukrainian parliament decreed that the new nation would take control of all military units on its territory; a Defence Ministry was created that same day.
By the mid-1990s, the Pryluky Regiment had lost its value as a combat unit; 19 Tu-160s were effectively grounded due to a lack of technical support and spare parts.
The newly assembled Tu-160M2, named Petr Deinekin (after the first commanding officer of the Russian Air Force Gen.
While Russian experts, who examined the aircraft at the Pryluky Air Base in 19, assessed their technical condition as good, the $3 billion price proposed by Ukraine was considered by Russians as unacceptable.
In April 1998, due to the stalled negotiations, Ukraine decided to commence scrapping the aircraft under the Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Agreement.
Another significant difference is that the colour scheme on the B-1B Lancer is usually subdued dark gray to reduce visibility; the Tu-160 is painted with anti-flash white, giving it the nickname among Russian airmen "White Swan".
The regiment previously operating Tu-16 and Tu-22M3 bombers became the first unit received the Tu-160.
Squadron deployments to Long Range Aviation began that month, prior to the Tu-160 was first publicly presented in a parade in 1989.