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The justification for this work is the justification of all historical scholarship: to enrich the present by knowledge of the experiences and achievements of our predecessors.
Because it concerns things people have made, the most direct findings of archaeology bear on the history of art and technology; but by inference it also yields information about the society, religion, and economy of the people who created the artifacts.
Ultimately, then, the archaeologist is a historian: his aim is the interpretive description of the past of man.
Increasingly, many scientific techniques are used by the archaeologist, and he uses the scientific expertise of many persons who are not archaeologists in his work.
The results of their work were published in the Egyptian writing for the first time in 1822.