Summer ice has more bubbles and larger crystal sizes.
In the process the paper refutes a number of misconceptions prevalent among Christians today.
These atomic clocks slow down very slightly only a second or so per year as predicted by Einstein's theory of relativity.
Furthermore, astronomical data show that radioactive half-lives in elements in stars billions of light years away is the same as presently measured.
He does not see a conflict between science in its ideal form the study of God's handiwork and the Bible, or between miracles on the one hand, and an old Earth on the other. There is absolutely no evidence to support this assumption, and a great deal of evidence that electromagnetic radiation does not affect the rate of decay of terrestrial radioactive elements.
The daughter ends up with the same mass as the parent, but ends up with one more neutron and one less proton, or vice versa.
Many people have been led to be skeptical of dating without knowing much about it.
Further evidence comes from the complete agreement between radiometric dates and other dating methods such as counting tree rings or glacier ice core layers.